We not only have the apostolic witness to Jesus as they saw Him on the mount of transfiguration (1:16-18), but also (v. 19 in Greek begins with âandâ) âwe have the prophetic word made more sure.â âWeâ refers first to the apostles (as in 1:16-18), and by extension to the church. 2 Peter 1:19-21 The Sure Word, Part 2 - John MacArthur 2 Pe 1:16-21 The Only Sure Word - John Sherwood But ( alla ) ( term of contrast ) means " on the contrary " which presents a strong antithesis to the idea that prophecy originated from the mind & will of men. We may explain either (a) as Rev., we have the word of prophecy made more sure, i.e., we are better certified than before as to the prophetic word by reason of this voice; or (b) we have the word of prophecy as a surer confirmation of God's truth than what we ourselves saw, i.e., Old-Testament testimony is more convincing than even the voice heard at the transfiguration. Therefore we can readily understand how the long line of prophetic scriptures, fulfilled in so many ways in the life of Jesus, would be a mightier form of evidence than the narrative of one single event in Peter's life" (Lumby). (l) A more full and open knowledge, than was under the shadows of the law. (See below, second Note on 2Peter 1:21.). Revelation 21:24 ) Yet the purpose of the two letters is quite different. We have a similar construction in 2Peter 2:10, “Do not tremble in speaking evil.”, A light that shineth.—Better, a lamp that shineth. them; though in some sense it is but a feeble one, and is as a Compare the "dry places" Lu 11:24 (namely, unwatered by the Spirit), through which the unclean spirit goeth. Peter didnot say where he was sending the letter. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. little before that time. Previously we knew its sureness by faith, but, through that visible specimen of its hereafter entire fulfilment, assurance is made doubly sure. light "that shineth in a dark place"; meaning not the world, “In a waste place” would perhaps be safer; and the image would then be that prophecy is like camp-fires in the desert, which may keep one from going utterly astray, till sunrise frees one from difficulty. But it seems probable that no comparison was intended, and that the thing on which Peter intended to fix the eye was not that the prophecy was a better evidence respecting the advent of the Messiah than other evidences, but that it was a strong proof which demanded their particular attention, as being of a firm and decided character. which is a place of darkness, ignorance, and error; nor merely Here, again, the meaning may be two-fold: (1) Christ’s return in glory to illumine the wilderness of this world, to clear off its obscurities, and show the way through its mazes; or (2) the clearer vision of the purified Christian, whose eye is single and his whole body full of light. The point of comparison is between the necessary obscurity of prophecy, and the clearness of events when they actually occur - a difference like that which is observable in the objects around us when seen by the shining of the lamp and by the light of the sun. In your hearts.—It is difficult to determine to what these words belong. and Christ, this being setting our seals to them as true; and All rights reserved. '...It was not the miracles of Christ by which he came to know Jesus, but the word of Christ as interpreted by the spirit of Christ" (Samuel Cox). 60:1 Isaiah 60:2 ) ( 2 Peter 1:19: We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in â¦ Until the day dawn - Until you have the clearer light which shall result from the dawning of the day. If a comparison is intended, it may be either that the prophecy was more sure than the fables referred to in 2 Peter 1:16; or than the miracle of the transfiguration; or than the word which was heard in the holy mount; or than the prophecies even in the time when they were first spoken. Revelation 21:23 Rev. clear, as for saints to be agreed in the sense of them; and much Christ in the air, on earth, and in heaven; and that there will should attend unto, as to a lamp or torch to guide and direct will be in the spiritual kingdom and reign of Christ hereafter; 17 For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. If such a comparison was designed, the most obvious of these interpretations would be, that the prophecy was more certain proof than was furnished in the mount of transfiguration. 10 Best Second Peter Commentaries. 2 Peter 1:19 New International Version (NIV). Until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts; καὶ ἔχομεν βεβαιότερον τὸν προφητικὸν λόγον, ἐπόπται γενηθέντες τῆς ἐκείνου μεγαλειότητος, ποιεῖ δὲ διαφορὰν καὶ τὸ λαμπρὸν ἢ στίλβον εἶναι τὸ μιγνύμενον ἢ ποὐναντίον αὐχμηρὸν καὶ ἀλαμπές, We have also a more sure word of prophecy, And we have yet more steadfast the prophetic word, whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts. Compare the notes at 1 Corinthians 13:9-10. Arise in your hearts - on your hearts; that is, sheds its beams on your hearts. No comma at dawn; “in your hearts” belongs to both “dawn” and “arise,” if to either. Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible. The latter seems to accord better with the words which follow. Isa 66:14, 15, "When you see this, your heart shall rejoice … For, behold, the Lord will come." Compare Revelation 21:23-25; Revelation 22:5. (1) The presence and work of false teachers. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The period referred to here by the approaching day that is to diffuse this light, is when the Saviour shall return in the full revelation of his glory - the splendor of his kingdom. 2 Peter 1:19â21 19 And g we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention h as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until i the day j dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, 20 knowing this first of all, that no prophecy â¦ Christ calls Himself “the bright morning star” (Revelation 22:16). Until that time, we should search the prophetic records, and strengthen our faith, and comfort our hearts, by the predictions of the future glory of his reign. (See Note on John 5:35.) morning star, the dayspring from on high, and the sun of Prophecy assures us that Christ's sufferings, now past, are to be followed by Christ's glory, still future: the Transfiguration gives us a pledge to make our faith still stronger, that "the day" of His glory will "dawn" ere long. Prophecy, like the Baptist, is a “lamp that is lighted and shineth,” preparatory to the Light. 1 Peter 1:19 âbut with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christâ. Question: "What does 2 Peter 1:20 mean about interpreting Scripture?" however clear and glorious. Before we hear this â¦ Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Peter 2:19-25" Facts about false teachers. We have also a more sure word of prophecy; and we have the word of prophecy made more sure, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. a more sure—rather as Greek, "we have the word of prophecy more sure (confirmed)." (12) The doctrine of the apostles does not contradict the doctrine of the prophets, for they confirm each other by each others testimonies, but the prophets were like candles which gave light to the blind, until the brightness of the gospel began to shine. In 3:1, he referred to this letter ashis âsecond letterâ. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. “His word, shining as a lamp in a chamber;” too slight a parallel to this passage to be relied upon as evidence that Theophilus knew our Epistle. well for ourselves to keep up our faith, hope, and expectation of Oral teachings and traditions of ministers are to be tested by the written word (Ac 17:11). is the bringer of light, as the word used signifies, or the 2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord. of the sun shall be sevenfold as the light of seven days; yea, You can find the best commentary on 2 Peter/Jude for you using the tools on the right side. whereunto—to which word of prophecy, primarily the Old Testament in Peter's day; but now also in our day the New Testament, which, though brighter than the Old Testament (compare 1Jo 2:8, end), is but a lamp even still as compared with the brightness of the eternal day (compare 2Pe 3:2). gives squalid, in margin. Whether this refers, as some suppose, to his reign on earth, either personally or by the principles of his religion universally prevailing, or, as others suppose, to the brighter revelations of heaven when he shall come to receive his people to himself, it is equally clear that a brighter time than any that has yet occurred is to dawn on our race, and equally true that we should regard the prophecies, as we do the morning star, as the cheering harbinger of day. The Greek admits of three constructions: (1) with “take heed “; (2) with “dawn” and “arise”; (3) with “knowing this first.” The last is not probable. This is associated with the coming of the day of the Lord, as being the earnest of it. ) ( Isaiah 21:28 ) and so the Ethiopic here renders it, "and redemption, though it gives hints, that, upon this, the saints shall be with But it may be a safe and sure guide; and a man who has to travel in dark and dangerous places, does well to "take heed" to his lamp. or "the sun", as the Syriac version renders it; not Christ, the here with Christ a thousand years, after which the Gog and Magog The lectionary text for this week provides a compelling commendation to Christians to do what is right even if it brings suffering. be new heavens, and a new earth; and that the saints shall reign And the day star arise.—An amplification of “until the day dawn.” “Day star” occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. the state of the saints in general in this life, who, at most and when the light of the moon shall be as that of the sun, and that dark—The Greek implies squalid, having neither water nor light: such spiritually is the world without, and the smaller world (microcosm) within, the heart in its natural state. There has been considerable diversity of opinion in regard to the meaning of this passage. Lit., a dry place. Now A list of the best commentaries on 2 Peter/Jude ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. when there will be no need of sun or moon, but Christ shall be And the day-star - The morning star - the bright star that at certain periods of the year leads on the day, and which is a pledge that the morning is about to dawn. The Power of Godâs Promise. forerunners of the coming of Christ; which when observed in their So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. Exhortation to Christian Virtue. Listen to Pastor Robert Furrow as he continues his Commentary on the book of 2 Peter picking up today in chapter 1, verse 12. A.D. 170, has (Autolycus II. The New Testament, as we have it, was to them non-existent. (4) even supposing that there was a miracle in the case, the evidence of the prophecies, embracing many points in the same general subject, and extending through a long series of years, would be more satisfactory than any single miracle whatever. THE MORE SURE WORD OF PROPHECY 19 We have the more sure word of prophecy; and you do well that you heed it, as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns, and the morning star arises in your hearts: 20 knowing this first, that no â¦ "To appreciate this we must put ourselves somewhat in the place of those for whom St. Peter wrote. They had had one illustrious proof respecting his advent as a glorious Saviour by his transfiguration on the mount; and the apostle here says that the prophecies abounded with truths on these points, and that they ought to give earnest heed to the disclosures which they made, and to compare them diligently with facts as they occurred, that they might be confirmed more and more in the truth. 2 Peter 1:19-21. The voice of God from heaven declared that Jesus is His Son (2 Peter 1:16â18). 16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty. [â See verse text â] The "transfiguration" was the moment witnessed by Peter, James, and John when Christ was revealed in His bright and shining glory (Luke 9:28â36). The point to which the prophecies related, and to which Peter referred, was the great doctrine respecting the coming of the Messiah, embracing perhaps all that pertained to his work, or all that he designed to do by his advent. (11) The truth of the gospel is by this revealed, in that it agrees wholly with the foretellings of the prophets. 2 Peter 1:19-21. The prophecy concerning Christ's second coming is as "as a A lamp is of great value in a dark night, though it may not disclose objects so clearly as the light of the sun. The Transfiguration confirms Prophecy . "Peter knew a sounder basis for faith than that of signs and wonders. Peterprobably wroâ¦ âThus we have still further confirmation of the words of the prophets, a fact to which you would do well to give heed, as to a lamp shining in a murky place, meant to serve until the Day break and the Day-Star arise in your hearts. 1 * Symeon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have received a faith of equal value to ours through the righteousness of our God and savior Jesus Christ: 2 may grace and peace be yours in abundance through knowledge * of God and of Jesus our Lord. See Doddridge, in loc. 2 peter 1:19-21. come, and be the light of his people; see ( Isaiah 30:26 It is our job to search them out. Salem Media Group. Until the day shall dawn, and we shall see objects by the clear light of the sun, they are to be our guide. affair, into the mind of him, or them, to whom it is revealed; The reference here is to the morning light as compared with a lamp; and the meaning is, that we should attend to the light furnished by the prophecies until the truth shall be rendered more distinct by the events as they shall actually be disclosed - until the brighter light which shall be shed on all things by the glory of the second advent of the Saviour, and the clearing up of what is now obscure in the splendors of the heavenly world. 2 Peter 1:19 Context. 2 Peter 1:19 19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto y ye do well that ye take heed, as unto z a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and a the day star b arise in your hearts: Meantime we should avail ourselves of all the light which we have, and should apply ourselves diligently to the study of the prophecies of the Old Testament which are still unfulfilled, and of those in the New Testament which direct the mind onward to brighter and more glorious scenes than this world has yet witnessed. Theophilus, Bishop of Antioch, circ. Proud member encourage us to love it, long for it, and hasten to it: and in so Then all will be clear. The word rendered “dark” occurs here only in the New Testament, and its usual meaning is “dry.” From “dry” we pass easily through “rough” to “dirty,” meanings which the word has elsewhere (comp. He had seen our Lord Jesus Christ receive honor and glory from God the Father in the holy mount; he had been dazzled and carried out of himself by visions and voices from heaven; but, nevertheless, even when his memory and heart are throbbing with recollections of that sublime scene, he says, 'we have something surer still in the prophetic word. 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